Pyometra literally means ‘pus in the uterus’. It occurs in about 25% of unspayed female dogs before the age of 10. In essence, pyometra is a uterine infection.
How common is pyometra in unspayed dogs?
Pyometra is an infection of the uterus in dogs and cats. It is relatively common, affecting approximately 25% of unspayed female dogs and cats. It is a serious condition which results in a variety of clinical and pathological signs requiring emergency surgery to remove the infected uterus.
What percentage of intact female dogs get pyometra?
One of the most common diseases in intact bitches is pyometra affecting approximately 25% before 10 years of age . Differences in incidence rates between breeds have been described [2-4].
Do all female dogs get pyometra?
Pyometra may occur in any sexually intact young to middle-aged dog; however, it is most common in older dogs.
How do you prevent pyometra from unspayed dogs?
The best and only prevention for pyometra is to have your dog spayed. Spaying (whether by removing the uterus and ovaries or just the ovaries) removes the hormonal stimulation that causes both heat cycles and the uterine changes that allow pyometra to happen.
What are the first signs of pyometra?
Symptoms of pyometra include early warning signs of the animal feeling unwell, such as vomiting, refusal to eat, lethargy, increased thirst and frequent urination. She may also appear to be uncomfortable, because pyometra is a particularly painful condition for dogs, while being somewhat less so for cats.
How often do dogs get pyometra?
Pyometra is a medical emergency that, if left untreated, is usually fatal. Pyometra will affect roughly 1 in 4 non-spayed females before the age of 10 years, but can occur in dogs older than this.
How fast does pyometra progress?
The sooner a dog with a pyometra is treated, the better their chance of survival and recovery. Pyometra can cause death. The most common time for a pyometra to develop is four to eight weeks after a heat/season.
How do I know if my dog has pyometra?
Symptoms of Pyometra in Dogs
- Mucous or bloody vaginal discharge (may or may not be present)
- Lethargy or low energy.
- Drinking more and urinating more.
- Anorexia (decreased or absent appetite)
- Heat cycle may seem to last longer.
- Licking the vulva more than normal.
- Swollen or painful abdomen.
How can pyometra be prevented without spaying?
Trying Other Prevention Methods. Breed your non-spayed dog. If you don’t want to spay your dog because you want to breed her, you can reduce the risk of pyometra by having her get pregnant multiple times. Plan out multiple sequential breedings, and then have her spayed when you are finished breeding her.
Can pyometra go away on its own?
It’s caused by the womb filling with pus and, if left untreated, it can lead to kidney failure, toxaemia, dehydration and, in some cases, death. Usually the only cure once the pet has developed pyometra is emergency surgery to remove their womb.
Can Antibiotics stop pyometra?
Can pyometra in dogs be treated with antibiotics? No, pyometrea can not be treated with antibiotics alone. The amount of pus in the uterus prevents any antibiotic that’s administered orally or subcutaneously from penetrating the infection.
How long do dogs live with pyometra?
The other form of pyometra is a closed pyo, in which the cervix is closed. In a closed pyo the pus that forms in the uterus has nowhere to go, and so the uterus rapidly fills with this toxic pus. These dogs go downhill rapidly, eventually go into septic shock, and often die within 4-5 days of the onset of signs.
Can a dog get pyometra while in heat?
Pyometra can develop at any stage of the estrous cycle, although it is more common 1-2 months after estrus. The signs depend on whether the cervix is open or closed.
How much does a pyometra surgery cost?
Spaying your female dog will prevent your pet from ever facing this situation. Spays tend to run around $100-$200 dollars while pyometra surgery can cost $1000-$1500.